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Social Interaction
Extrinsic and Intrinsic 
Teamwork Skills

Constructivism utilizes past experiences and a learners previous knowledge to aid in learning. In the infographic, I demonstrate the idea that having math as a pre-requisite to learning a musical instrument aids in learning music.


Knowledge can also be shared with others to further understand and influence others learning. Social Constructivism is the theory that supports this. Taking my example of learning an instrument, I would like to expand upon times when social interaction aided with learning.


Although my music learning environment was strict and offered rewards for behaviors (correct playing techniques) we also had time to collaborate and use teamwork to build skills. Although we all were being conditioned to achieve specific goals, we all did not reach those goals at the same time. Some learners needed additional help to understand concepts and improve their skills. Peer coaching really helped in these instances. Many times students reflect on how they mastered a skill and can demonstrate that to their peer. The teacher did not have time or understanding of a students' issue to address it. When we were able to help each other with a skill, it helped us increase our skills as well. There were several times I helped others by reminding them of of fingerings or rhythms. It made me a better player and eventually teacher. 

Lev Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development addresses the "difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can achieve with guidance and encouragement from a skilled partner" (McLeod, 2019). As a music teacher using the same teaching techniques, I have witnessed students learn a skill from the influence of another student when daily instruction did seem to be effective. Those more skilled learners personal tricks and methods really made a difference. McLeod emphasizes Vygotsky's theory that teachers who include cooperative learning, involving more skilled learners assisting less skilled learners, proves to be effective (McLeod, 2019). 

McLeod, S. A. (2019). What Is the zone of proximal development? . Simply psychology: Psychology.

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